Uttar Dinajpur Krishi Vigyan Kendra is vested with the responsibilities to bring forth agricultural vis-à-vis rural development in the rural blocks of Uttar Dinajpur District through its mandated activities on training of practicing farmers, rural youth and extension functionaries, front line demonstration and on farm testing/adoptive trials to enhance the total production of the district as well as self-employment generation.
Uttar Dinajpur district is situated in between Darjeeling and South Dinajpur district of West Bengal in North South direction whereas; it is surrounded by Bihar and Bangladesh in West and East direction respectively.
Out of 3, 12,466 ha geographic area of the district 87.23% area is under cultivation. The district comprises of two sub-divisions, namely, Raiganj and Islampur. There are four blocks under Raiganj sub-division whereas Islampur sub-division consists of five blocks; among which the Uttar Dinajpur K.V.K. farm is situated in Chopra Block. The latitude and longitude of the farm is 260 21’18” N and 880 16’36” E respectively. Uttar Dinajpur district lies between 25o 11' N to 26o 49' N latitude 87o 49' E to 90o 00' E longitude.
Uttar Dinajpur district belongs to both of Terai and Old Alluvial zone. Islampur sub-division comes under Terai zone whereas, Raiganj sub-division falls under Old Alluvial zone. This district experiences as typical subtropical pre-humid climate with high annual rainfall (average 2087 mm year-1) mostly concentrated in between June to September. The heavy rains often cause flood in some areas. The relative humidity varies from 64.32% - 98.31%.
The soil of this area is alluvium and mostly sandy to sandy-loam in texture and porous. As a consequence of leaching of bases due to heavy rainfall in this region, soil reaction is moderately to strongly acidic (pH varies from 4.5 to 6.2). The organic matter content is medium to high. Available P and K status is low to medium. Phosphate fixation capacity is high. Ca and Mg and some of the important micronutrients are deficient. The productivity of the soil is generally low but there is tremendous scope for improving the same by soil amelioration with Dolomite available in Jayanti hills.
The period from November to February is dry but cool. High ground water and prolonged winter are found to be favourable factors contributing to successful raisin of a good number of rabi crops. Rice, jute, Potato, Ginger, Pineapple etc. are major crops of this district. However, there is a trend to convert the agricultural lands into tea gardens.